Indian Automotive Industry is gearing up to participate in Electric Mobility Mission. India may be slow in embracing electric vehicles, but once it takes off, the adaptation will be fast. The nation is estimated to see 30.81 million electric vehicles sales by 2040.
EV in India will be a complete story if following aspects are in place :
- EV Cars, 3W, 2W manufacturers initiative to develop product
- Charging Infrastructure
- Battery technology and low cost batteries
- Efficient motor technology
- Efficient electric components availability
- Electric vehicle service station
Lets have a look at initiative by various OEMs, and StartUps in various areas.
Tender : Energy Efficiency Services (EESL) will float tenders in October for 25,000 electric rickshaws and a same number of electric autos for phase I of sale to aggregators in public transport . Phase II tender will be 10 times Phase I requirement in both electric rickshaws and electric autos.
The government plans to procure the vehicles though EESL — dissociated from the battery — and lease out to aggregators, who will deploy them in the market.
E-rickshaws are three-wheelers with a covered cabin, have speed limits below 25 km per hour and can seat four passengers (excluding the driver). They’re ideal for last-mile connectivity from, say, metro stations to workplaces.
The E-auto can cover longer distances at higher speeds and has more stringent criteria on performance, safety and construction.
Industry committees have already released specs for the vehicle, powertrain, weight and battery.
Swapping & Charging Infrastructure : NTPC and Power Grid Corporation of India .
Facts : The e-rickshaw market is pegged at 1 lakh units per month across India, with a chunk being monopolised by unorganised players. But the utility of the vehicle for last-mile connectivity and in areas where transportation is still a challenge is attracting a host of automakers.
Currently there are 2 crore autos and around 10 lakh e-rickshaws on the road
EV options are becoming more economical than petrol/diesel vehicles for four reasons, explained Maini — a reduction in battery costs, improved EV technology, reduction in renewable energy costs and growth in shared mobility.
Such advancements, when combined with newer business models such as battery-swapping, will enable substantial benefits to the end consumer. “India has unique opportunities to deploy battery-swapping technologies because of significant growth in shared mobility.
- Seating : 3+1
- Max Top Speed : 45 kmph
- Gradeability : 7 degrees
- Motor capacity : Continuous 3 kW
- Payload : 300 kg
- GVW : 300kg
- Energy consumption : 45 Wh/km
- Acceleration : 0-42 kmph in 25 secs with full load
- Seating capacity : 4+1+ Luggage
- Max top speed : 25 kmph
- Gradeability : 4 degrees
- Motor capacity : nominal 1000-1500W
- Payload : 380 kg
- Kerb weight : 230 kg ( including battery )
- GVW : 610 kg
- Energy consumption : 35 Wh/km